Hello Everyone, welcome to College Research. My name is Dr. Barbara Zorn-Arnold and I am a faculty member at Ashford University. In this video, we will discuss three important topics. We will review the difference between scholarly and popular resources; we will develop successful search terms; and we will find excellent articles using Ashford University's library. Scholarly sources are found in academic journals. These are also called peer-review articles. These articles are written by experts, who have advanced degrees and are often associated with universities. Then the articles are reviewed by other experts.
In contrast, popular sources are magazines and websites that do not undergo a review process. You'll find that there is a broad range of resources available to you. At the far left hand side we have sensational sources such as the National Enquirer. Then there are popular sources including magazines such as Popular Science and Good Housekeeping. They also include online websites such as Wikipedia, encyclopedias and dictionaries. These sources should never be used for our classroom assignments because they are not reputable. Reputable resources include major newspapers Government and university websites. Some examples of scholarly sources include the Journal of Environmental Management, Ecology, and the Journal of Environmental Health and Toxicology.
For discussion responses in Science 207, you should use reputable and scholarly sources. For the week three outline and final paper you must use scholarly sources in order to earn a good grade. And finally, sensational and popular sources should not be used for any homework assignments. Before we head to the library, we will have to develop some successful search terms. The most effective search terms are based on your hypothesis. These can be organized by cause and effect, comparisons, or a controversial issue. For example, a cause and effect uses terms such as cause, impacts, or effects. For example, Humans cause species extinctions. Comparisons use terms such as same or different. For example, Habitat preservation is the same as species preservation. And controversial terms might include undervalued, misinterpreted, or misunderstood. For example, Humans have a misunderstood impact on species extinction. The library can be accessed through our classroom. Just click on the Library tab, then click on Find Articles & More, then databases A through Z. Then click on E for EBSCOhost.
This is an excellent database because it provides you with a broad range of articles from different field including business, education, psychology, and science. The EBSCOhost search field is very similar to other online databases. In the upper left-hand side, I have typed in "human causes" Selected the word "AND" from the drop box and then typed in "species extinction". That drop box allows you to choose three different Boolean phrases, AND, OR and NOT. This will allow you to focus your search. Then on the right-hand side you have additional choices, which include words in the title or words from the abstract.
I've left it open in order to have broader results. I've also checked "full-text" in order to have access to the entire article to use for my research. This search term resulted in 22 articles, most of which are academic journals. Notice that the icon next to journal article says Academic Journal. This lets you know that this is a scholarly article. Let's take a closer look at one of these articles. You'll notice that this journal is titled "Global Ecology and Biogeography".
The author is associated with the University of Tennessee and the article also has a reference section. This allows readers to verify the information that is found in the article. Another benefit to using Ashford's library is that you can automatically format the sources according to APA guidelines. Simply click on the article title, then click on Cite. Then you will have a list of different format options. Just select APA and then you may copy and paste it directly into your research paper. Some of you may be thinking that those are an awful lot of steps to go through for a few articles. Isn't Google easier? Well, not really. I used the same search terms in Google and it resulted in 22 million different web sites. And let's be honest, how many web sites will a person go through before settling on the first few pages. Notice that most of these are popular sources, which are not suitable for our classroom assignments Let's review tips for efficient research. Base your search terms on your hypothesis. Include words such as cause, effect, same, different, and misunderstood. This will ensure that you will find articles that directly reflect your ideas and help you develop an excellent paper. Use EBSCOhost to search for articles. Focus your search by using phrases such as AND, OR and NOT from the drop box options. And verify that the paper is scholarly by reviewing the author's credentials and reference page. There are also articles that maybe unclear as to whether they are scholarly or not. If you are ever uncertain, be sure to ask your instructor.
If you are interested in learning more about writing research papers, these are all excellent sources for you to consult. Thanks for watching the video and happy research.
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